The Great War:  The World in Upheaval
Review Guide – Chapter 34


I. Terms (15)
Self-determination dreadnoughts    Triple Alliance/Central Powers
Triple Entente/Allied Powers  Schlieffen Plan Gavrilo Princip
Black Hand  Archduke Franz Ferdinand    Mobilization  No-mans land
Von Moltke  21 Demands  Gallipoli Armenian Massacres
Bolshevik Lenin  March revolution November revolution 
Brest-Litovsk  Lusitania Influenza Pandemic of 1918  14 Points
Paris Peace Conference Treaty of Versailles  League of Nations
Ataturk collective security Mandate System
II. OGT Objectives
History:  Students use materials drawn from the diversity of human experience to analyze and interpret significant events, patterns and themes in the history of Ohio, the United States and the world.
Benchmark D: Connect developments related to World War I with the onset of World War II.
7.  Analyze the causes and effects of World War I with emphasis on: a. Militarism, imperialism, nationalism and alliances; b. The global scope, outcomes and human costs of the war; c. The role of new technologies and practices including the use of poison gas, trench warfare, machine guns, airplanes, submarines and tanks; d. The Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations.
8.  Analyze the causes and consequences of the Russian Revolution including: a. The lack of economic, political and social reforms under the tsars; b. The impact of World War I; c. The emergence of Lenin, Stalin and the Bolsheviks; d. The rise of communism in Russia.
9.  Assess the global impact of post-World War I economic, social and political turmoil including: a. Disarmament; b. Worldwide depression; c. Colonial rebellion; d. Rise of militarist and totalitarian states in Europe and Asia.
Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities: Students use knowledge of the rights and responsibilities of citizenship in order to examine and evaluate civic ideals and to participate in community life and the American democratic system.
Benchmark A: Analyze ways people achieve governmental change, including political action, social protest and revolution.
1.  Analyze and evaluate the influence of various forms of citizen action on public policy including:
c. The Russian Revolution;
3.  Analyze how governments and other groups have used propaganda to influence public opinion and behavior.

III. Questions (20)
1. Approximately how many combatants died in World War I?
2. The term for the idea that people with the same ethnic origins, language, and political ideals had the right to form sovereign states was
3. Slavic cultural unity was actively promoted by
4. Which of the following was not an important area of competition and conflict between England and Germany in the years leading up to World War I?
5. The French were deeply suspicious of German expansion because of
6. The military plan that called for an invasion of France through Belgium was called the
7. The German offensive of 1914 was halted at
8. Which of the following does not characterize the experience of trench warfare in
World War I?
9. The Somme was
10. In World War I, the eastern front was
11. Which of the following was not a characteristic of the new total war of World War I?
12. What effect did World War I have on the status of women?
13. The Twenty-One Demands were issued
14. The Japanese fought in World War I due to their
15. The March Revolution of 1917
16. The main reason for the failure of the provisional government in Russia in 1917 was
17. The official factor in the United States’s decision to enter World War I was
18. Woodrow Wilson agreed to many harsh stipulations to the Treaty of Versailles
19.  In the wake of World War I , Mustapha Kemal became president of
20. The mandate system …

IV. Essays (15)1. Lenin wrote, “Freedom in capitalist society always remains about the same as it was in the ancient Greek republics: freedom for the slave-owners.” What does this comment mean? What are the foundations of Lenin’s philosophy? How did it differ from that of Marx? How did World War I enter into Lenin’s career and philosophy?

2. Discuss the factors that led to the outbreak of World War I. What role did the alliance system play in this process? What role did nationalism and imperialism play in the road to World War I?

3. Examine the course of World War I in Asia, Africa, and the Pacific. Why did the war spread? How important were these centers of the war? How were these areas influenced by the war?

4. Examine the causes of the Russian Revolution. How was it tied to World War I? What were Lenin’s main ideas? How did he transform Russia and the world?