An Age of Anxiety
Review Guide – Chapter 35


I. Terms (15)
Gertrude Stein  All Quiet on the Western Front Oswald Spengler
Karl Barth Albert Einstein “uncertainty principle” Sigmund Freud
Pablo Picasso  Walter Gropius Crash of 1929  John Steinbeck
John Maynard Keynes  “New Deal” war communism N.E.P.
Five-Year Plan collectivization kulaks  fascism militarism
Mussolini  Blackshirts Pact of Steel  Hitler  NAZI
Weimar Republic Kristallnacht

II. OGT ObjectivesHistory:  Students use materials drawn from the diversity of human experience to analyze and interpret significant events, patterns and themes in the history of Ohio, the United States and the world.
Benchmark D: Connect developments related to World War I with the onset of World War II.
9.  Assess the global impact of post-World War I economic, social and political turmoil including: a. Disarmament; b. Worldwide depression; c. Colonial rebellion; d. Rise of militarist and totalitarian states in Europe and Asia.
Geography:  Students use knowledge of geographic locations, patterns and processes to show the interrelationship between the physical environment and human activity, and to explain the interactions that occur in an increasingly interdependent world.
Benchmark A: Analyze the cultural, physical, economic and political characteristics that define regions and describe reasons that regions change over time.
3.  Explain how political and economic conditions, resources, geographic locations and cultures have contributed to cooperation and conflict.
Government:  Students use knowledge of the purposes, structures and processes of political systems at the local, state, national and international levels to understand that people create systems of government as structures of power and authority to provide order, maintain stability and promote the general welfare.
Benchmark B: Analyze the differences among various forms of government to determine how power is acquired and used.
1.  Explain how various systems of governments acquire, use and justify their power.
2.  Analyze the purposes, structures and functions of various systems of government including:
e. Dictatorships;


III. Questions (20)
1. Approximately how many combatants died in World War I?
2. The term for the idea that people with the same ethnic origins, language, and political ideals had the right to form sovereign states was
3. Slavic cultural unity was actively promoted by
4. Which of the following was not an important area of competition and conflict between England and Germany in the years leading up to World War I?
5. The French were deeply suspicious of German expansion because of
6. The military plan that called for an invasion of France through Belgium was called the
7. The German offensive of 1914 was halted at
8. Which of the following does not characterize the experience of trench warfare in
World War I?
9. The Somme was
10. In World War I, the eastern front was
11. Which of the following was not a characteristic of the new total war of World War I?
12. What effect did World War I have on the status of women?
13. The Twenty-One Demands were issued
14. The Japanese fought in World War I due to their
15. The March Revolution of 1917
16. The main reason for the failure of the provisional government in Russia in 1917 was
17. The official factor in the United States’s decision to enter World War I was
18. Woodrow Wilson agreed to many harsh stipulations to the Treaty of Versailles
19.  In the wake of World War I , Mustapha Kemal became president of
20. The mandate system …

IV. Essays (15)1. Lenin wrote, “Freedom in capitalist society always remains about the same as it was in the ancient Greek republics: freedom for the slave-owners.” What does this comment mean? What are the foundations of Lenin’s philosophy? How did it differ from that of Marx? How did World War I enter into Lenin’s career and philosophy?

2. Discuss the factors that led to the outbreak of World War I. What role did the alliance system play in this process? What role did nationalism and imperialism play in the road to World War I?

3. Examine the course of World War I in Asia, Africa, and the Pacific. Why did the war spread? How important were these centers of the war? How were these areas influenced by the war?

4. Examine the causes of the Russian Revolution. How was it tied to World War I? What were Lenin’s main ideas? How did he transform Russia and the world?